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Main EU Ports See Cargo Traffic Down 27% In Q2 2020

Main EU ports see cargo traffic down 27% in Q2 2020

Source: European Commission
At 755 million tonnes, the gross weight of goods handled in the main EU ports decreased by 17.0% in the 2nd quarter of 2020 compared to the same quarter of 2019. This substantial fall can most probably be attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent restrictions put in place in the EU and worldwide – January 11, 2021 Only two of the maritime EU
Member States, as well as Norway, reported an increase in the tonnes of goods handled in their main ports in the second quarter of 2020 compared with the same quarter of 2019. Croatia reported a substantial increase in main port activity in this period (+10.2%), while Estonia slightly increased by 0.6% and Norway by 2.7%. The largest decrease was observed for Malta (-50.8%), followed by Italy (-40.5%), Latvia (-32.8%), Portugal (-22.6%) and Slovenia (-20.1%). Falls of 9% or more were registered in 13 additional EU Member States, as well as in the United Kingdom. In Denmark and Sweden the drop was -1.6% and -1.0% respectively. EU ports: activity At 755 million tonnes, the gross weight of goods handled in the main EU ports decreased by 9.6 % in the 2nd quarter of 2020 compared to the previous quarter and by 17.0 % versus the same quarter of 2019. This is the biggest decrease ever observed in a quarter, when compared to the same quarter of the previous year. This substantial fall can most probably be attributed to the COVID-19 pandemic and the subsequent restrictions put in place in the EU and worldwide. After the steady recovery observed since the 2nd quarter of 2010 following the economic crisis, and the peak of activity reached in the 2nd quarter of 2019, maritime transport observed a downwards trend until the 2nd quarter of 2020. When looking at the overall annual change, a decrease of 6.8 % was observed in EU port activity in terms of gross weight of goods handled compared to the previous period. EU ports: activity by direction The inward movement of goods made 59.4 % of the total volume of goods handled in the main EU ports in the 2nd quarter of 2020. This is similar to the shares in previous quarters. Compared to the 2nd quarter of 2019, the inward movements of goods to the main EU ports dramatically decreased by 17.6 %, falling to 448 million tonnes in the 2nd quarter of 2020. Outward movements also substantially decreased by 16.0 % over the same period, falling to 307 million tonnes. When looking at the overall annual aggregate, the inward and outward movements of goods decreased by 7.4 % and 5.8 % respectively. EU ports: activity by type of cargo Compared to the same quarter of 2019, all types of cargo category registered substantial decreases in the 2nd quarter of 2020. Roll on – roll off (Ro-Ro) units registered the largest decrease (-23.5 %), followed by Dry bulk goods (-19.0 %), other general cargo (-17.3 %), liquid bulk (-16.3 %) and large containers (-13.1 %). When looking at the overall annual change, the situation is similar, with large decreases for other general cargo (-11.0 %), dry bulk goods (-9.9 %), Ro-Ro units (-9.8 %), liquid bulk (-5.8 %) and in a lesser extent for large containers (-2.7 %). Port activity in the reporting countries The Netherlands and Spain were the largest maritime freight transport countries in Europe in the 2nd quarter of 2020, all handling more than 100 million tonnes of goods in their main ports Only two of the maritime EU Member States, as well as the EFTA country Norway, reported an increase in the tonnes of goods handled in their main ports compared to the same quarter of 2019 (Table 1). In relative terms, the largest decrease was observed for Malta (-50.8 %), followed by Italy (-40.5 %), Latvia (-32.8 %), Portugal (-22.6 %) and Slovenia (-20.1 %). Falls of 9 % or more were registered in 13 additional EU Member States, as well as in the United Kingdom. On the other hand, Croatia reported a substantial increase in main port activity in this period (+10.2 %). When looking at the overall annual change, only Malta (+18.3 %), Estonia (+3.1 %), Norway (+4.1 %) and Montenegro (+3.6 %) recorded an increase. All other countries registered a drop, the largest in relative terms being recorded by Latvia (-21.4 %), followed by Italy (-14.3 %), Slovenia (-13.0 %), France (-10.2 %) and Portugal (-10.1 %). Source: Eurostat

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