In 2021, the Port of Barcelona carried out 236 operations to supply liquefied natural gas (LNG) to ships, totalling 65,050 m³. Despite the fact that many of the ships using this cleaner fuel – ferries and cruise ships – have been affected by COVID-19 and that there has been a significant rise in LNG prices during the last quarter of 2021, the volume achieved at
the Port of Barcelona was much higher than those recorded in 2019 and 2020, when 37,500 m3 and 39,150 m3, respectively, were reached – January 20, 2022 The supply is carried out from land or from ship to ship. Last year, Baleària carried out 218 multi-truck-to-ship (MTTS) operations, which allows the simultaneous connection of 2 or 3 LNG tankers to the ship, making it possible to supply the necessary quantities of fuel during the short stopover times of the ferries. During 2021, 5 LNG-powered Baleària ships operated in the Port of Barcelona, using more than 27,000 m3 of this fuel, a figure that represents 41% of the total supplied in the Port of Barcelona. This year, Baleària has also carried out the first pilot operation to supply BioGNL to the Eleanor Roosevelt phaso ferry. BioGNL is an even cleaner fuel, generated from the anaerobic fermentation of organic waste. In the case of cruise ships, although their activity only resumed in June, pre-pandemic levels have been exceeded. Four Carnival group cruise ships that operate regularly at the Port of Barcelona have carried out 18 ship-to-ship (STS) LNG supply operations, i.e. from ships, with a volume of 38,000 m3. In December 2021, the new Costa Cruceros cruise ship, the Costa Toscana, which also uses LNG, began operating in Barcelona, and in the first quarter of this year the Aida Cosma, which has just left the shipyard, will do so, increasing the number of cruise ships using this fuel. LNG hub in the Mediterranean The Port of Barcelona, which has specialised infrastructures and services for LNG, remained the leading bunkering port for this gas in the Spanish and Mediterranean port system in 2021, and has positioned itself among the world’s leading ports with the capacity to supply LNG, such as Rotterdam, Singapore and Port Canaveral. The use of LNG in Barcelona is expected to continue to grow thanks to the commissioning of a new supply ship and the commitment of shipping companies to cleaner fuels. During 2022, the Haugesund Knutsen, which is currently under construction and has a capacity of 5,000 m3, is expected to join the Port. This ship is included in the LNGHIVE 2 Barcelona project, financed by the European Union, in which the Port of Barcelona participates as a partner, together with Enagás and Knutsen, among others. In the same vein, in addition to cruise and ferry companies, shipping companies are commissioning LNG-powered container, vehicle and bulk cargo ships for the transport of grain or chemical products. The Port of Barcelona offers all bunkering services to these ships and a regulation that allows LNG bunkering operations to be carried out safely, but since 2017 it has also applied a policy of bonuses for the use of this fuel with the aim of facilitating the arrival of the most sustainable ships. The Port of Barcelona applies a 50% bonus to the T1 tax (paid by the ship when it docks in port); a 30% commercial bonus if the ship uses LNG in the auxiliary engines or batteries when they are in port, as is the case of the six ships of the Grimaldi Lines company; and 10% more if they use these less polluting fuels during the journey from the last call to the Port of Barcelona. This bonus will also be applied when the ships are connected to the future electricity grid that is currently being developed. “We have set ourselves an objective, which our IV Strategic Plan establishes in a prominent way: to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 50% by 2030 and to become an emission-neutral port by 2050,” recalled Damià Calvet, President of the Port of Barcelona. “We are working with the Port Community and shipping companies to promote initiatives such as the electrification of docks, the generation of renewable energies within the port territory and the use of LNG as a transition fuel to move towards the implementation of zero emission fuels in the port sector and maritime transport”, added Calvet. Copyright (C) PortSEurope. All Rights Reserved. 2022.