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Port Of Naples: Strengthening Of Intermodality, Take-off Of The Special Economic Zones, To Relaunch The Southern Economy

Port of Naples: Strengthening of intermodality, take-off of the Special Economic Zones, to relaunch the southern economy

Naples, Italy (PortSEurope) June 16, 2021 – The website of Autorita’ di Sistema Portuale del Mar Tirreno Centro-Settentrionale (AdSP – Centre-North Tyrrhenian Sea Port Authority) has published an interview with Maurizio Manfellotto, Presidente dell’Unione degli Industriali di Napoli. Interview by Emilia Leonetti under the title “Strengthening of intermodality, take-off of the Special Economic Zones, to relaunch the southern economy – Maurizio Manfellotto’s vision for overcoming
the gap with the Center-North”. An original transcript in Italian was published on the AdSP website (English version below): The interview with the President of the Union of Industrialists of Naples, Maurizio Manfellotto brings two aspects to the political and governmental attention of Campania and the South: the need to make the territory attractive with the creation of the indispensable tangible and intangible infrastructures and the of the entrepreneurial system to innovate, to create connections with the world of research and training. President Maurizio Manfellotto, at the time of his inauguration, in October 2020, stated that to relaunch the South and achieve the goal of reducing the gap with the Center North, it is necessary to work on four guidelines: investments, conditions of attractiveness, structural funds and training. How is it working for each of the points to take place? What is the role of industrialists? “The theme of investments concerns both the public and the private dimension. In particular, also in the light of the marked infrastructural gap, the resumption of public capital expenditure is essential to favor the conditions of competitiveness of the territory such as to promote new productive settlements. It is therefore evident that there is a close link between investments and the attractiveness of the territory. It is desirable that the restart of economic activity, starting with the great opportunity represented by the Recovery Plan, will allow us to follow the directions we have indicated. We work in this sense, also in conjunction with Confindustria, by raising awareness among the institutions in charge, at various levels. For example, collaborating with the Region so that the new cycle of structural funds provides positive responses with respect to critical issues detected by our companies. We also consider a positive result the forecast in the Recovery and resilience plan of a strong implementation of ITS, a training level of great interest for companies, the development of which we have been soliciting for years, unfortunately without adequate feedback to expectations “. The pandemic crisis has changed our way of seeing the future, and above all it has changed the priorities of the European Commission, which has indicated “decarbonization” as a priority continental objective, with an intermediate goal of 55% by 2030, committing significant economic resources to the achievement of these results through the EU Next Generation, the Budget 2021 / ’27, the Horizon Europe 2030 Plan. How the Union of Industrialists is thinking of intervening on this issue that concerns not only the energy efficiency of our buildings , but a different vision of Naples and the metropolitan area from an environmental point of view? “In the next ten years we will actually have to profoundly change the way we produce energy. Not only in Naples but throughout Campania, the conditions exist to achieve the goal in the best possible way, using different renewable sources, from wind to photovoltaic, from hydrogen to marine energy. In East Naples, in particular, there are optimal conditions for the construction of a center for the production of renewable energy of European level. In the same so-called Terra dei Fuochi it is possible to create systems in this sector. This is a turning point that can potentially guarantee development and employment as well as improving eco-sustainability standards. For it to materialize, however, projects and economic resources are not enough, on which the contribution of private individuals would not be lacking. Procedures need to be streamlined, simplify the rules. With the current times, it would never be possible to respect the periodic deadlines set by the European Union for the disbursement of the Recovery funds ”. One of the major emergencies in the South and Campania in particular is the structural lack of job opportunities, especially qualified, for the younger generations, the result not only of a failure to respond to an emergency that has been postponed for too long, but of a lack of strategies. and development policies for an area that now has the worst employment rates in Europe. The negative impact of this evolution is twofold: on the one hand, it induces the depletion of the human capital already formed, and on the other, it delays Italy’s convergence processes towards the highest European levels of education. The role of industry in this scenario is fundamental. How can we reverse the course? How to determine development policies capable of creating new job opportunities and first of all to favor the birth and / or transformation of an innovative and competitive productive fabric? “The ratio between public debt and GDP can only be rebalanced by increasing the southern employment rate, bringing it to at least exceed 60%. In this way the average rate would be brought to 70%, the minimum necessary for rebalancing. In short, the growth of the South, starting with the employment of young people and women, is in the interest of the entire country and only short-sighted policies in the recent past have prevented it from pursuing it with determination. The first driving force in this sense is the creation of interventions for about 120-130 billion, which can be carried out in a very short time, if there is political will. Among the areas on which action can be taken are the redevelopment of the territory, with the necessary environmental remediation, hydrogeological remediation, the redevelopment of cities, the impulse to private investment. Manufacturing is essential for a territorial development policy. The development of research and innovation itself is not conceivable without an adequate industrial substrate. Naturally, the model to focus on is that of a sustainable industrial economy, in which the growth of logistics is also conceived in connection with that of industry ”. What part, in your opinion, should the Campania port system play? In your idea of ​​innovation, modernization, industrial competitiveness of our territory, what place do the ports of Naples, Salerno, Castellammare di Stabia occupy? How and under what conditions can they contribute to making it attractive? “First of all, as you rightly point out, we are talking about a port system, beyond the specificities of the individual ports of call. The fundamental aspect to be taken into consideration is that this system, in addition to being projected towards the outlet areas, interfaces with the territory that constitutes its hinterland. Improving ports therefore also means making connections with rear ports and interports more effective, ensuring intermodal connections that do not always exist. Just think of the lack of a train that connects the Neapolitan port with the structures of Nola and Marcianise. The enhancement of intermodality, together with the take-off of the Special Economic Zones, can contribute to engaging a relaunch process for the economy of the whole of the South, not only of Campania. To definitively unblock the Zes game, tax incentives must be accompanied by regulatory and administrative simplification. If, alongside these interventions, railway connections are considerably enhanced, the South will finally be able to truly aspire to the role of gateway for traffic within the Mediterranean, and from this towards Northern Europe ”. In this regard, did you meet with the President Andrea Annunziata? Is there a collaboration plan between AdSP Mar Tirreno Centrale and Unione Industriali? On what issues, with what commitments and with what timing? “We immediately started a constructive collaboration table with President Annunziata. The President has shown great availability on both fronts of dialogue that we have agreed. In addition to that of companies in the port economy sector, therefore to specific requests expressed by our associates to which the Authority can provide concrete answers, I refer to the more general one of the repercussions for the territory and for the entire production system, connected to infrastructural, logistics and digitalization interventions, in general to upgrade the three airports”. Source: Autorita’ di Sistema Portuale del Mar Tirreno Centro-Settentrionale (AdSP – Centre-North Tyrrhenian Sea Port Authority)

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