Bahía de Bizkaia Gas – September 2019
Spain has a privileged position to develop the LNG market . It has a geostrategic position, since it is at the crossroads of the most important transoceanic routes, and it is also a link between the Mediterranean, North Africa and the Atlantic . And not only that, it also has the necessary infrastructure, with operational regasification plants that represent 40% of the storage capacity of all Europe and 5.35% of the world, and with extensive experience in the last 50 years in Logistics of this fuel. For all this, Spain is a country with extensive reference in the field of LNG.
Liquefied natural gas arrived in Spain for the first time 50 years ago at a plant in Barcelona and now faces its regular use as an alternative marine fuel to fuel.
As an advantage, any terminal of the Spanish port system can supply LNG to ships through tanks (Truck to Ship) or containers (Container to Ship). These are two modalities for the supply or loading of LNG in boats.
Currently, only the ports of Bilbao and Barcelona can supply LNG by ship in four different ways: the two indicated above and two that are barges (Ship to Ship) and regasification terminals (Pipe to Ship). Also, it should be noted that the first supply from barge in Spain was made in January 2018 in Bilbao through the Oizmendi ship.
Today there are more than 150 ships in the world that run on natural gas as fuel and an order book of 125 new ones until 2025. The global fleet powered by LNG increases at a rate of between 15-25% per year. Hence, if it continues along the same line, by 2025 there could easily be between 300 and 600 ships. And as if that were not enough, it is estimated that in 2035 22% of total bunkering consumption is LNG.
Precisely the use of LNG in maritime transport allows a 20-30% reduction in CO2 emissions compared to traditional fuels, reduces nitrogen oxides by approximately 80% and completely eliminates emissions of sulfur oxides and particles. In addition, LNG adapts to the new environmental regulations that establish that from 2020 the sulfur content limit in marine fuel will be 0.5%, according to the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and the directive European 2016/802.
It is a fuel product of the liquefaction of natural gas. After removing the impurities, it is cooled to a temperature of -162 ° C. Its main component, methane, is liquefied at atmospheric pressure. An odourless, colourless, non-toxic product is obtained, with a density of 450 kg / m3 that reduces the volume of gas 600 times and only burns if it comes into contact with air in concentrations of 5-15%.
Bahía de Bizkaia Gas ( BBG ) is the company that owns a liquefied natural gas (LNG) regasification plant located in the Port of Bilbao, municipality of Zierbena, Bizkaia. We unload the LNG from methane around the world and transform it into natural gas for domestic, commercial and industrial consumption as well as for the generation of electricity. Our gas reception, storage and regasification work is essential to guarantee the energy supply of the Basque Country as well as to strengthen the Spanish and European Gas System.
Source: Bahía de Bizkaia Gas