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Top Russian Ports – A Review

Top Russian ports – a review

Novorossiysk, Russia (PortSEurope) October 20, 2021 – There are 67 seaports in Russia located on 12 seas, from the Black and Baltic to the Pacific and Northern basins. Over 60% of the total cargo movement on the international scale for Russia takes place through the sea. This includes almost 722 million MT (2016) cargo movement through international vessel calls. More than 67,000 ship calls come
through this busy network every year. Russiahas over 2820 vessel registrations and some 1000,000 seafarers. Russia’e shipping market is worth close to $580,000 million. Top Russian ports according to Russia Beyond and Marine Inside: 1. Novorossiysk Located in the ice-free Tsemes Bay of the Black Sea, it is the largest port in Russia, handling more than 143 million tonnes of cargo in 2020. It also houses a Russian Navy base. The port of Novorossiysk has a 3.4 sq. km harbour area with an area of 2.7 sq. km. This includes a total of 89 functioning berths for vessels of all sizes. The port has one of the first Timber wood handling facilities to feature across the Black Sea ports. A total of 11 berths are important in handling timber and other bulk cargo. 4 separate berths over a quay length of 570 meters handle the container operations. The sheer size of the facility allows maximum handling limits of 208 million MT every year. The timber operations across the 4 berths (31, 32, 31/A, 31/5) are the most advanced facility across Europe. Their throughput every year crosses figures between 400 thousand to 600 thousand. The port has more than 180,000 TEU capacity of container handling. 2. Saint Petersburg The Big Port of St. Petersburg stretches over 31 km along the coastline and has about 200 berths. It has one of the deepest drafts for any Russian facility. The inner anchorage ranges between 23 to 25 meters while the channel draft is 18.5-23 meters. Its water area spreads over 164 sq. km. The facility uses 470 vessels for in-house operations along its coast. St. Petersburg works with 8 major cranes of Panamax capacity, 3 RMG and 20 gantry nature cranes for handling container goods and handles over 2 million tonnes of cargo per year. The passenger terminal at St. Petersburg welcomes 450 vessels annually on a dozen of berths, with two major terminals. 3. Port of Ust-Luga Located in the in Kingiseppsky district, it is second after Novorossiysk in terms of cargo handling volume for 2020. It has the biggest handling facility for coal bulk operations in the Northern part of Russia. The additional expansion plans provide this facility with a total area of 30 sq. km. Ust-Luga has five major berths that operate year-round. They handle over 30 vessels at once with anchorage facilities with depth of more than 20 meters. The coal loading facilities has capacity of up to 20 million MT annually. It also is one of the newest facilities in Russia. The loading coal conveyors handle up to 500 MT per hour. The port also handles livestock, liquid, and general cargo operations. The overall cargo operations were for 102.6 million MT for 2020. Two cranes of 104 MT capacity and one of 80 MT capacity operate simultaneously with the conveyor system. 4. Vladivostok One of the largest ports in Russia’s Far East and houses the main base of the country’s Pacific Fleet. The city is also a free trade zone. It extends towards the south-eastern end and touches the Sea of Japan. This facility spreads across 55 hectares. It set a record of handling 24 million MT of cargo in 2020, compared to an average of 13.9 million MT per year during the last decade. The port has 15 berths for general operations with dept of between 10 and 15 meters. The approach channel has depth of 25 meters. 5. Nakhodka The port, or Port of Vostochny, in Nakhodka Bay operates with two major terminals with a capacity of 80 million MT. In 2020, the facility handled 77 million MT of cargo including the export. In the internodal structure, the coal loading takes place at the special coal terminal. The trans-Siberian railway connects the terminal to the most important end-user plants. Up to 60% of Vostochny’s exports to Asian countries is to Japan and Korea. There were more than 550 vessel arrivals in the port in 2019, mostly bulk carriers of different sizes. The facility accommodates vessels up to 1,80,000 MT DWT for bulk coal operations. With the completion of phase 3 of the development of the port its handling capacities will increase to over 100 million MT. 6. Port of Primorsk Located in Vyborgsky district is spread across 5.4 sq. km area for cargo operation, in addition to the 32 sq. km of water limits. It handles 50 million MT of cargo per year. The facility operates 6 major berths. The deepest tanker-handling terminals allow drafts up to 17.8 meters. The liquid cargo capacity of the port is 60 million MT. The port is the biggest contributor to oil exports in Russia. The port services 50 major oil extraction firms for direct loading transfers. All loading arms connect for a throughput of 2800 cubic meters loading rate for bigger tankers. 7. Port of Murmansk Located in Kola Bay is a base for the development of the Arctic and an outpost of the Russian nuclear fleet. With its location on the northern end of the Arctic circle, Murmansk is the coldest Russian port. It also is the largest to lie on the North of this geography. It operates all year-round. The port operates through its 15 berths, 11 of which are for solid cargo. These berths divide into two major port districts or nodes for operation. The general berths have over 1.5 km in length, while the oil terminals have length of 7.5 km. In 2020, Murmansk handled 56 million MT of cargo. Its bulk liquid berths have depth of 10 to 15 meters. The port operates 200 automatic and semi-automatic loading resources, including STS, RMG, and RTG facilities. The container handling facilities operate year-round. 8. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky The port continues to actively develop due to its importants for the Northern Sea Route, which offers the shortest route from the European part of Russia to the Far East. 9. Sochi port Located in the Black Sea primarily caters for passenger traffic, rather than commercial and industrial activities. Oil tankers are prohibited from entering the port of Sochi, unlike large cruise liners, which stop there on a regular basis. 10. Kaliningrad The is the only ice-free port on the Russian coast of the Baltic Sea. It primarily caters for commercial cargo and fishing vessels. 11. Makhachkala port The capital of the Republic of Dagestan is the largest city in the Russian North Caucasus and Russia’s only ice-free port on the Caspian Sea. It has a large dry cargo harbour, a railway crossing and a modern high-tech oil harbour. It is also one of the bases of the Caspian Flotilla of the Russian Navy. 12. Sevastopol Located on the Crimean Peninsula (Ukrainian territory occupied by Russia in 2014) is now the main naval base of the Russian Black Sea Fleet. The ice-free Sevastopol Bay has a large industrial port, through which deliveries of fish, oil, metals and various other products are carried out. Copyright (C) PortSEurope. All Rights Reserved. 2021.

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