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Port Of Taman – Russia’s Bulk Cargo Champion In The Black Sea

Port of Taman – Russia’s bulk cargo champion in the Black Sea

Taman, Russia (PortSEurope) March 18, 2021 – The construction of the third stage of the Taman Bulk Cargo Terminal (TTNG), Russia’s largest, has been approved by the Ministry of Construction. The commissioning of the third stage, as well as the distribution of traffic flows between the structures and facilities under construction within the two previous stages, will make it possible to achieve TTNG’s estimated annual
cargo turnover of 60 million tonnes. Transshipment of coal and anthracite will reach 50 million tonnes, and the handling of technical sulphur and mineral fertilisers – 5 million tonnes each. The specialised bulk cargo terminal is part of the port-industry cluster created by Russia’s OTEKO group on the Taman Peninsula. Taman port is strategically located on the Russian side of the Kerch Strait that connects the Black and Azov Seas. It is on Cape Zheleznyy Rog (Iron Horn), across the strait from Russia-occupied Crimea peninsula that is legally part of Ukraine. In May 2020, the OTEKO group began commissioning equipment and test shipments at berth 1 of Russia’s largest bulk cargo terminal – TTNG. The berth is designed to receive ships with a deadweight of up to 220,000 tons – the maximum size of bulk carriers passing the Bosphorus Strait (Bosporus, Istanbul Strait), and is equipped with ship-loading machines capable of loading up to 4,500 tonnes of coal per hour onto bulk carriers. Currently, coal transshipment to TTNG is carried out from three berths – 1, 3 and 4. In 2019, TTNG began shipping coal from berths 3 and 4, designed to receive ships with a deadweight of up to 120,000 tons. The commissioning of the first stage of the Taman bulk cargo terminal took place in 2019. The geography of destinations served by TTNG includes: Turkey, countries of southern Europe, the Middle East, Latin America, Africa, Asia, including Pakistan, India, Vietnam, Korea and Japan. The Taman bulk cargo terminal’s designed capacity of 50 million tonnes of coal can be doubled in case of market needs and if throughput of Russian Railways allows. TTNG’s storage capacity in coal warehouses is up to 3.5 million tonnes. The design documentation for the third stage of TTNG was developed by YugTerminalProekt. The developer is OTEKO-PortService. The third stage includes building of a station for unloading wagons, a cargo defrosting building, a conveyor gallery of the transshipment complex, three conveyor and one inspection rack, transfer stations and other facilities. In addition, operating transfer stations and conveyor racks, as well as a tower for sampling coal and ore, will be redeveloped. OTEKO group is also involved in the currently underway reconstruction of the Taman oil depot. Four new land plots with a total area of 1.3 hectares are provided for the project. The reconstruction of the Taman oil depot will help increase the transshipment of gasoline and diesel fuel via the port to 1.6 million tonnes per year. For the construction of additional storage tanks were allocated 2.4 billion rubles (€31 million). In March 2020, Demetra Holding LLC (part of Russia’s state-owned VTB Group) nacquired a 50% share of Taman Grain Terminal Holdings which owns 100% of Grain Terminal Complex Taman (ZTKT), a 14.5 million tonne deep-water terminal for grain transshipment, VTB said.Demetra Holding LLC purchased the share from Kernel Holdings S.A., an agricultural holding headquartered in Ukraine. The VTB partner in ZTKT is global commodity trader Glencore Glencore Agriculture with its 50% share held by via Renaisco B.V. ZTKT is the only deep-water terminal dedicated for grain exports via the port of Taman.ZTKT shareholders are to invest in the development and expansion of the terminal’s throughput capacity, particularly through the construction of a railway branch allowing for acceptance of grain delivered by railway transport.Grain Terminal Complex Taman is among the dynamically developing grain terminals of Russia on the Black Sea. It offers a wide range of services related to grain transshipment. The terminal’s annual capacity is 4 million tonnes. Whilst a newly developed Taman port could complement Russia’s Black Sea port of Novorossiysk, it will add further pressure on the Ukrainian Azov Sea ports of Mariupol and Berdyansk, both suffering from reduced cargo volumes following the Russian annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea Peninsula in 2014. Taman will also be a direct competitor to Ukraine’s Yuzhniy port. According to the head of the Russia’s Southern customs department Sergei Pashko, a large customs post is also planned for the port of Taman. In 2019, it was decided that the RMP (RosMorPort) Taman consortium would receive the concession for the management of the new port of Taman. RMP includes five companies: RosMorPort, KuzbassRazrezUgol, MetaloInvest, Russian Railways (RZD) and SUEK. Members of the management consortia, the KuzbassRazrezUgol and SUEK companies, are planning to build two coal terminals in the port, while MetaloInvest plans a terminal for metallurgical cargo. Terminals in the first phase of the Taman port development are also planned by Efko, SDS-Holding, Rostec and Rosneft. The first stage of the port development, according to the Ministry of Transport’s project, with a capacity of 66.9 million tonnes, should be put into operation in 2024. Planned investments are estimated at 171 billion rubles (€1.94 billion). This includes 81 billion rubles (€918 million) allocated to federal (state-owned) facilities – the approach channel, wave protection facilities, railway station, berths and other infrastructure (More details in PortSEurope analysis Russia’s port of Taman expansion progresses). In May 2020, it was announced that joint-stock company LenMorniiproekt will allocate 65 million rubles (€840,000) for the design and budget documentation for railway infrastructure facilities of the dry cargo area of Taman port. Taman port relies on the same road infrastructure that is used by the controversial, newly constructed €3 billion bridge across the Kerch Strait, connecting occupied Crimea to mainland Russia. Ukraine keeps protesting against the bridge which it also considers as too low for large and high vessels to navigate. Russia forcibly annexed Ukraine’s Crimea Peninsula in 2014, claiming its ethnic Russian majority there was under threat from the Ukrainian government. Controlling passage from the Black Sea through the Kerch Strait into the Sea of Azov is a key element in asserting Russia’s broader claim to Crimea. In August 2008, then-Prime Minister and current President of Russia Vladimir Putin signed a government resolution authorizing the development of a major international cargo port several kilometres south of Taman. The former owner of Taman, state controlled RosMorPort, owns 22.5% of the new venture that is to control the port. KuzbassRazrezUgol – KRU (75% owned by Iskander Makhmudov and Andrey Bokarev) will own 22.5%, MetaloInvest (owned by Alisher Usmanov 49%, Vladimir Skoch 30%, Farhad Moshiri 10%) 22.5%, SUEK – Siberian Coal Energy Company (one of the world’s largest coal and energy companies, majority owned by Andrey Melnichenko) 22.5% and state-owned Russian Railways (RZD) 10%. It is expected that the Russian government will invest a total of €2.1 billion in the project, including the cost of the port-related transport infrastructure. By 2024, the planned capacity of the port should reach 66.9 million tonnes. In 2020, Taman handled 10 million tonnes of cargo (+33.8% compared to 2019). However, in 2018 processed cargo through Taman was much higher at 14.1 million tonnes. By 2024, the port is expected to have seven operational terminals: coal terminal of KuzbassRazrezUgol for 20 million tonnes; coal terminal for SUEK, 12 million tonnes; metals terminal for MetaloInvest, 9 million tonnes; grains terminal for EFKO, 20 million tonnes, coal terminal for SDS Ugol, 5 million tonnes; bunkering terminal for Rosneft, 0.9 million tonnes and a terminal for special cargo for RosTec (military equipment). For the second stage of the Taman port development in the period 2027-2030, it is expected that a container terminal and a fertilisers’ terminal with 37 million tonnes capacity will be built. Taman will also absorb cargo that the nearby Russian deep seaport of Novorossiysk cannot handle. Taman’s port entry is 20-25 m deep allowing up to 220,000 tonnes ships to enter. In a related development, the implementation of industrial park projects in Taman is designed to eliminate the shortage of capacity for transshipment of bulk cargo in the southern part of Russia. The park will also realize the existing potential in the production, export and supply to the Russian market of petrochemical and agrarian products. In March, for the first time, SibAnthracite shipped coal with a Capesize bulk carrier through the Taman Bulk Terminal (TTNG). Bulk carrier Maran Fortune took on board 160,000 tonnes of metallurgical coal for further shipment to recipients in the Asia-Pacific region, primarily to China. According to SibAnthracite, the company is exporting coal for the first time by vessels with such a large capacity and will continue to use them for supplies to the Asia-Pacific region. In 2021 the volume of coal transported from Taman by Capesize class vessels will exceed 1 million tonnes. According to the SeaNews PortStat, OTEKO-PortService handled 9.8 million tonnes of coal by the end of 2020, which is 5.4 times more than in 2019. OTEKO began operation of the first berth of the Taman Bulk Terminal in May 2020. Coal through the Taman bulk cargo terminal is shipped both by the largest Russian producers, such as Kuzbass Fuel Company and Evraz and others, as well as by international trading companies. Copyright (C) PortSEurope. All Rights Reserved. 2021.

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