Yuzhnoye, Ukraine (PortSEurope) February 1, 2021 – The five biggest Ukrainian seaports handled 91.8% (145.9 million tonnes) of all cargo transshipment in the country in 2020, according to the Ukrainian Sea Ports Administration (USPA). The largest volumes were processed by Yuzhny, followed by Nikolaevsky, Black Sea, Odessa and Mariupol. The port of Olbia is dynamically increasing the transshipment of goods. In 2020, it handled 3.9
million tonnes, which is 26.3% more compared to the same period last year. All five ports are owned by the state, but are mostly controlled by large companies, on whose cargo the ports depend. Port Yuzhny Port Yuzhny (Southern in English) is in the Black Sea city of Yuzhnoye in Odessa region on the Small Ajalyk river estuary). This is the only port in the Black Sea-Azov basin, which is able to receive vessels with a carrying capacity of more than 200,000 tonnes and a maximum draft of 18.9 meters. Its freight turnover in 2020 was 61.66 million tonnes (+14.5%). The port handles one third of the total cargo processed by all seaports of Ukraine. The port has 29 berths. 16 are owned by private port operators, 13 are owned by USPA. This is a universal port, handling bulk, general, liquid, chemical and fertilizer cargo. Main cargo includes also ore, coal, metal, pellets, urea, ammonia, methanol, grain, palm oil, petroleum and petroleum products. The main players in the port: 1. The Fedcominvest group of a Russian businessman living in Monaco, Alexei Fedorychev. The group includes TIS-Mineral Fertilizers, TIS-Zerno, TIS-Ruda, TIS-Ugol, and TIS-Container Terminal. TIS-Container Terminal was recently taken over by one of the world’s largest port operators, DP World. Among the shareholders of the TIS terminal group are also Andrey Stavnitser, Oleg Kutateladze, Egor Grebennikov and Elena Kozmina. The terminals handle grain, oil, general and bulk cargo. 2. Terminal Borivazh for grain cargo. Part of the Privat group of Igor Kolomoisky and Gennady Bogolyubov. 3. The state represented by MTP Yuzhny and Odessa Port Plant. The enterprise handles iron ore concentrate, pellets, coal, mineral construction materials, chemical bulk and liquid cargo. 4. Allseeds Black Sea owned by Vyacheslav Petrishche. 5. International company Delta Wilmar CIS of India’s Dhruba Charan Panda. Nikolaev Commercial Sea Port The port is in the city of Nikolaev and is connected with the Black Sea by the Bugsko-Dneprovsky estuary channel. Its depth is 11.2 m. Freight turnover in 2020 was 30.07 million tons (-10%). Cargoes include general cargo (metal products, timber, mobile technical equipment), liquid and bulk cargo (coal, ores, pig iron, pellets, grain and oil). The main players in the port: 1. One of the largest agricultural holdings and exporters of Ukraine Nibulon, owned by Alexey Vadatursky. 2. One of the largest non-ferrous metals enterprises in Europe Nikolaev Alumina Plant (the plant has its own terminal). The owner is Oleg Deripaska, president of Rusal. 3. Stevedoring Investment Company and Yuzhnaya Stevedoring Company, which are part of the Orexim holding, officially owned by Yuri Budnik and Diana Malinovskaya. Local media speculates that the behind the scene control is in the hands of former Deputy Director of the Marine and River Transport Department of the Ministry of Infrastructure Boris Kozyr. 4. The port is also used by the Ukrainian division of the transnational company Bunge Ltd.; the subsidiary of the Chinese national corporation COFCO (China National Cereals, Oils and Foodstuffs Corporation); and the division of the Swiss trading company Glencore International – Avery. A shareholder with 9% and CEO of Glencore International is Ivan Glazenberg. It was announced that by mid-2021 Glazenberg, who has headed the Swiss company since 2002, will step down as CEO and as a member of the board of directors. He will be replaced by Gary Nagle, who currently leads Glencore’s coal business and works for the company’s Australian subsidiary. Black Sea Commercial Port The port is located in the city of Chornomorsk, Odessa region, on the banks of the Sukhoi estuary. Its depth is 14.5 m. Until 2016, it was called the Ilyichevsk Commercial Sea Port. Through the port, Ukraine cooperates with almost 100 countries of the world. Throughput capacity is 32 million tons. The port’s freight turnover in 2020 was 23.86 million tonnes (-8.8%). It specializes in transshipment of general, liquid and bulk cargo. The main players in the port: 1. One of the largest exporters of sunflower oil RisOil, owned by Shota Khadzhishvili. Terminal Risoil provides services also to the American food company Cargill, the Ukrainian agricultural holding Kernel of Andrey Verevsky, the international agro-industrial corporation ADM. Kernel has also its own terminals in this port – Transgranterminal and Transbalkterminalplans – which are expected to be merged. 2. Gamma Tranban, registered in the Virgin Islands by Boris Epstein; state owned company MTP Chornomorsk; a division of the Swiss Glencore International – Ilyichevsk Grain Terminal. Odessa port This is one of the largest ports in the Black Sea-Azov basin. The port’s throughput capacity is 50 million tonnes. It houses one of the largest passenger terminals in Europe. Recognized as the base cruise port of Ukraine. Its depth is 13 m. Freight turnover in 2020 was 23.29 million tonnes (-8.1%). Cargoes include petroleum products, gas, oils, containers, non-ferrous and ferrous metals, ore, cast iron, raw sugar, grain, perishable cargo in containers, various cargo in bags, boxes, packages, big bags and large cargo units and motor vehicles. The main players in the port: 1. Brooklyn-Kiev and Brooklyn-Kiev Port, owned by Yuri Gubankov. 2. Prista-Oil Ukraine, Grain transshipment complex Inzernoexport, Metalsyukrain Corp and GNT Olimpex Holding, which includes the terminal Olimpex Coupe International. The companies are owned by Vladimir Naumenko. 3. Sintez Oil, part of the Privat group of Igor Kolomoisky and Gennady Bogolyubov. 4. Odessa Port Refrigerator, which is related to ex-Minister of Emergency Situations of Ukraine Nestor Shufrich. 5. Euroterminal company, which is part of Northington Holdings, owned by Pavel Lisitsyn. 6. Also operating in the port is the “Odessa Container Terminal”, which is part of the German holding Hamburger Hafen und Logistik AG (HHLA) and the Austro-German stevedore Novolog. Mariupol sea port A universal Azov Sea port with a maximum throughput of 17 million tonnes per year. The port is capable of accepting ships up to 240 m in length and a draft of no more than 8 m. A new grain transshipment terminal should be launched to receive the new crop in 2021. Depth of the port is 8.6 m. Freight turnover in 2020 was 7.01 million tons (+8.1%). Cargo includes grain, sunflower oil, metal products, food cargo, mineral construction materials, cargo in pallets and big bags, and coal. The main players in the port: 1. State company Mariupol Commercial Sea Port, controlled by the Ministry of Infrastructure. 2. Branch of the major port operator Ascet Shipping which provides transport and forwarding services, to the agricultural holding HarvEast. This holding is a part of Rinat Akhmetov’s SCM and Vadim Novinsky’s Smart-Holding. The main cargo provider to the port is the Metinvest group of Akhmetov and Novinsky. The share of metal products in the export shipments of the Mariupol port reaches 74%, since it is one of the base ports of Metinvest. 3. Ukrtransagro for transshipment of agricultural products. SRZ for shipment of agricultural and metal products. The companies are part of the Mariupol Investment Group (MIG), owned by Svetlana Savchuk. MIG is part of the Azovmash group of Svetlana Savchuk and Taras Polishchuk. Savchuk is the widow of the ex-president of Azovmash, Alexander Savchuk. Polishchuk is the husband of the daughter of Svetlana and Alexander Savchuk. Copyright (C) PortSEurope. All Rights Reserved. 2021.