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Ports And Logistics Scoping Study In CAREC Countries

Ports and logistics scoping study in CAREC countries

Baku, Azerbaijan (PortSEurope) October 24, 2021 – A scoping study analyses seaports and multimodal corridors serving Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) landlocked countries has been published. CAREC Program is a partnership of 11 countries – Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. The Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation Program is a program established in 1997 by the Asian Development
Bank to encourage economic cooperation among countries in Central Asia and nearby parts of Transcaucasia and South Asia. There are eight landlocked CAREC countries: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Six of the 11 CAREC countries host seaports. Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan host ports on the landlocked Caspian Sea. Georgia has ports on the Black Sea that feed into the Mediterranean Sea through the Bosphorus Strait. In this study, ports and corridors linking landlocked CAREC countries have been clustered into six groups. Some of these corridors extend into the open-sea ports through non-CAREC countries – Russia, Iran and Turkey. Ports analysed in this report play four roles: Ports in CAREC countries that act as gateways for land transport corridors to other CAREC countries including: Poti and Batumi (Georgia); Muhammad Bin Qasim, Karachi and Gwadar (Pakistan); Lianyungang and Tianjin (China).Ports in non-CAREC countries that act as gateways of land corridors to other CAREC countries: Riga (Latvia), Klaipeda (Lithuania), St. Petersburg (Russia), Gdansk (Poland); Mersin (Turkey); Bandar Abbas and Chabahar (Iran); Vladivostok and Vostochny (Russia).Ports in CAREC and non-CAREC countries being transhipment points for sea–land/land-sea serving multimodal corridors – the typical role of ports at the Caspian and Black Seas.Ports in non-CAREC countries being transhipment points sea-sea, linking major container trunk routes with feeding routes serving CAREC countries: Piraeus (Greece), Jebel Ali (United Arab Emirates), Indian ports. Some ports may play more than one role – Istanbul as gateway for land routes to the Caucasus and beyond and as transhipment port for shipping routes across the Black Sea. The new silk Road and other regional transport corridors offer an opportunity for the CAREC countries to develop transport hubs and grow revenue from international trade. Copyright (C) PortSEurope. All Rights Reserved. 2021.

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